Models of counselling


Models of counselling

You are probably aware that there are many different approaches to counselling and psychotherapy. (NB. I am using the terms “counselling” and “psychotherapy” interchangeably here. For more detail, please see What’s the difference?) You can see a list of hundreds of them on Wikipedia.

However, research has shown that conversations in therapy rooms are similar whatever the approach being used. Also, research suggests that no one approach is radically more successful than others.

So what is happening in therapy?

In talking therapy there are two people working together to make new meanings and come to new conclusions. The way the two people work together is more influenced by the dialogue between them, than by any particular approach that the therapist thinks they are following.

A story….. Once there was a group of people lost on a mountain in dangerous weather. The group were in despair until one of them remembered that she had a map in her rucksack. The map was consulted and they navigated their way safely off the mountain. It was only later that they looked at the map and found it was of a different mountain altogether. So, maps are helpful in a variety of different ways, not only in the obvious way. Often, as in the story, the client does not realise they already poses a serviceable map.

When I am working I do not follow any of the models of counselling to the letter. Rather I am guided by the person in front of me. As with all professions, the original training is integrated naturally within the person of an experienced practitioner. If you are a therapist in training I will emphasise the elements of therapy which fit with the approach you are learning, but for most clients, quite rightly, this of little interest.

The therapy I offer involves an awareness of the body and this is done through guided mindfulness.

I have a particular interest in the following approaches –

All counsellors and psychotherapists draw on the roots of both –

Please see my training for more on my development as a counsellor.